In the absence of significant changes in the positions of the political parties, as expected, the government was defeated in the Vote on 15Th January by 432 votes to 202. The 230-vote lead was the worst for a government in modern parliamentary history.  196 Conservative MPs, 3 Labour MPs and 3 independent MPs supported the deal. The agreement was fought by 118 Conservative MPs, 248 Labour MPs, the 35 SNP MPs, the 11 Liberal Democrat MPs, the 10 DUP MPs, the 4 MPs from Plaid Cymru, the only Green MP and 5 independent MPs.  “This bill seeks to make Parliament complicit in a ploy that openly disregards two fundamental principles – that once agreements are reached, one must respect and that the government is not above the law,” said David Anderson, an independent member of the Lords. How could we cope? At the end of November 2018, May presented to the House of Commons a draft agreement on the future relationship with Europe after concluding a 17-month negotiation with the EU.  Therefore, the first use of meaningful voting was scheduled for December 11, 2018.  “Application for withdrawal from the European Union” means an application made on behalf of a Minister of the Crown under paragraph 13(1)(b) of the Withdrawal from the European Union (Withdrawal) Act, 2018; and “allotted day”: a day when the first government activity is the request for withdrawal from the European Union. That evening, Grieve`s amendment was passed by 309 votes to 305 – a majority of 4,, which is a defeat for the government.
  Twelve Conservative MPs voted against the government: Grieve, Soubry, Heidi Allen, Kenneth Clarke, Jonathan Djanogly, Stephen Hammond, Oliver Heald, Nicky Morgan, Bob Neill, Antoinette Sandbach, John Stevenson and Sarah Wollaston.  A month earlier, everyone but Stevenson appeared on the front page of the Daily Telegraph along with Conservative MPs Vicky Ford, Jeremy Lefroy, Paul Masterton and Tom Tugendhat, calling them “the Brexit mutineers”.  9.In the joint report, the UK`s determination to resolve the Irish border issue within the framework of an agreement on the future relationship. or, if not, to propose technological solutions. However, both sides agreed that “in the absence of agreed solutions”, the UK would “maintain full respect for the rules of the single market and customs union, which now or in the future support North-South cooperation, the island economy and the protection of the 1998 agreement”.8 This agreement was the genesis of what became known as the “Northern Ireland backstop”. the Protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland annexed to the text of the Withdrawal Agreement of November 2018. . . . .