The EU and the Central American countries reaffirmed their objective of concluding an Association Agreement, including a free trade area, at the EU-Latin America Summit in Guadalajara, Mexico, in May 2004 and at the EU-Central America Ministerial Meeting in Luxembourg in May 2005, at which Ministers welcomed the launch of a joint assessment of regional economic integration and the establishment of an ad hoc joint working group in January 2005. The objective of concluding a Comprehensive Association Agreement was reaffirmed at the EU-Central America Summit in Vienna in May 2006. Negotiations on the Association Agreement started in Brussels on 28 June 2007. The first round took place from 22 to 26 October 2007 in San José, Costa Rica. On 25 and 29 February 2008, Central America and the EU concluded the second round of negotiations in Brussels, Belgium. The third round of negotiations was held in El Salvador on 14 April 2008. The fourth cycle took place in Brussels from 14 to 18 July 2008. On 6 and 10 October 2008, the Länder concluded the fifth round of negotiations. The sixth round of negotiations took place on 26 and 30 January 2009 in Brussels, Belgium.
In the 2009 elections, the European People`s Party won again, although it lost the British Conservatives, who formed a smaller Eurosceptic group with other right-wing anti-federalist parties. The presidency of the Parliament was again divided between the People`s Party and the Socialists, with Jerzy Buzek elected the first President of the European Parliament of a former communist country. Barroso was nominated by the Council for a second term and received the support of the EPP, which had declared him a candidate before the elections. However, the Socialists and Greens led the opposition to him, although they did not agree on an opposing candidate. Parliament finally approved Barroso II, although again several months late. Association agreements are comprehensive framework agreements between the EU (or its predecessors) and its Member States, as well as an external state that regulates their bilateral relations. The provision of an Association Agreement was incorporated into the Treaty of Rome, which established the European Economic Community to enable the Community to cooperate with the United Kingdom, which had withdrawn from the Treaty negotiations at the Messina Conference in 1955. According to the European External Action Service, in order to qualify as an association agreement, an agreement must meet several criteria On the basis of this speech, France, Italy, the Benelux countries (Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg), as well as West Germany, signed the Treaty of Paris (1951) establishing the European Coal and Steel Community the following year; it assumed the role of the International Authority for the Ruhr Region and lifted certain restrictions on German industrial productivity […].